Hoy conmemoramos el sesquicentenario de uno de los discursos más famosos de la historia de Estados Unidos. Pronunciadas en honor a los caidos en la batalla de Gettysburg, las 272 palabras dichas por Lincoln el 19 de noviembre de 1863, se convirterion en un pieza clave de la historia política y la ideología republicana estadounidense. Ciento cuenta años después, y en medio de una crisis económica, política y social, vale preguntarse si la democracia norteamericana atual se ajusta a la definición de Lincoln: el gobierno del pueblo, por el pueblo y para el pueblo. ¿Alguna vez fue así?
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
November 19, 1863
Comparto con mis lectores una interesante selección de trabajos sobre el discurso de Lincoln publicadas por la History News Network.
|150 Years After the Gettysburg Address, Is Government by the People in Trouble?
by Drew Gilpen FaustHas America fallen short of being the “world’s best hope”?
NOVEMBER 17, 2013
|Apology for Gettysburg Address remarks 150 years laterThe Harrisburg Patriot-News apologizes for calling the Gettysburg Address “silly” in 1863.|
NOVEMBER 16, 2013
| Abraham Lincoln Never Believed in Racial Equality
by Alan Singer“I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races.”
NOVEMBER 5, 2013
|Lincoln’s 272 Words, A Model Of Brevity For Modern TimesIt is difficult for those of us who write to say we need more words to tell a story when Lincoln did so much with just 272|
NOVEMBER 5, 2013
– See more at: http://hnn.us/article/153972#sthash.9a5VCJSD.dpuf